The Catholic Church saw this hierarchy of obedience as part of the natural order of things.
The opposite of obedience is Contumacy [stubborn disobedience]. The punishment for Contumacy was excommunication.
Anders Winroth (2000). The Making of Gratian's Decretum. Chapter 3: Obedience or Contempt Causa 11 Questio 3 Cambridge University Press. pp. 77–. ISBN 978-1-139-42585-8.
Stanley Chodorow (1972). Christian Political Theory and Church Politics in the Mid-twelfth Century: The Ecclesiology of Gratian's Decretum. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-01850-1.
Decretum Gratiani - CAUSA XI