Wednesday, 9 January 2013

The Constitutions documented as a compromise

De compromissione et consensu archiepiscoporum et omnium episcoporum super consuetudinibus regni.

Anno ab incarnatione Domini millesimo centesimo sexagesimo quarto, papatus Alexandri anno sexto, illustrissimi regis Anglorum Henrici II anno undecimo, in praesentia ejusdem regis facta est haec recordatio vel recognitio cujusdam partis consuetudinum, et libertatum et dignitatum antecessorum suorum videlicet regis Henrici avi sui, et aliorum quae observari et teneri deberent in regno. Et propter dissensiones et discordias, quae emerserant inter clerum et justitias domini regis, et barones regni de consuetudinibus et dignitatibus regni, facta est ista recordatio vel recognitio coram archiepiscopis et episcopis, et clero, et comitibus, et baronibus et proceribus regni. Et easdem consuetudines recognitas per archiepiscopos et episcopos, et comites et barones, et per nobiliores et antiquiores regni, Thomas sanctae memoriae Cantuariensis archiepiscopus, et Rogerus Eboracensis archiepiscopus, et Gilbertus Londoniensis episcopus, et Henricus Wintoniensis episcopus, et Nigellus Eliensis episcopus, et Willelmus Norwicensis episcopus, et Robertus Lincolniensis episcopus, et Hilarius Cicestrensis episcopus, et Joselinus Saresberiensis episcopus, et Ricardus Cestrensis episcopus, et Bartholomeus Exoniensis episcopus, et Robertus Herefordensis episcopus, et David Menevensis episcopus, et Rogerus Wigorniensis electus concesseruut, et in verbo veritatis viva voce firmiter promiserunt tenendas et observandas domino regi, et haeredibus suis, bona fide et absque malo ingenio praesentibus istis: Roberto comite Legecestriae, Reginaldo comite Cornubiae, Conano comite Britannise, Joanue comite de Augo, Roberto comite de Clarend comite Gaufredo de Mandavilla Hugone comite Cestrensi, Willelmo comite de Arundel comite Patricio Willelmo comite de Ferrariis, Ricardo de Luci, Reginaldo de sancto Walerico, Rogerio Bigot Reginaldo de Warennis, Richerio de Aquila, Willelmo de Braiosa, Ricardo de Cambilla, Nigello de Mowbray, Simone de Bello Campo, Humfrido de Boun, Mattheo de Herefordia, Waltero de Meduana Manasse Biseth Dapifero Willelmo Malet Willelmo de Curci, Roberto de Dunstanvilla, Joselino de Baillolio, Willelmo Lanvalis, Willelmo de Caisneto, Gaufrido de Ver, Willelmo de Hastinga, Hugone de Morevilla, Alano de Nova Villa, Simone filio Petri, Willelmo Malduit Camerario Joanne Malduit Joaune Mariscallo Petro de Mara et multis aliis proceribus et nobilibus regni tam clericis quam laicis.

Consuetudinum vero et dignitatum recognitarum quaedam pars in praesenti scripto continetur. Cujus partis capitula. Haec sunt

Cap I De advocatione &c vide has sedecim constitutiones apud Herbertum de Bosham vol ii. 

Facta est autem praedictarum consuetudinum et dignitatum recordatio regiarum a praefatis archiepiscopis et episcopis et comitibus et baronibus et nobilioribus et antiquioribus regni apud Clarendonam quarta die ante purificationem Sanctae Mariae per petuae virginis domino Henrico filio regis cum patre suo domino rege ibidem praesente. 


On the compromise and consensus reached by the archbishop and all the bishops on the customs of the kingdom.

In the year one thousand one hundred and sixty-four from the incarnation of our Lord, and of the papacy of Alexander in his sixth year, and of the most illustrious king of the English Henry II in his eleventh year, in the presence of same king or any remembrance of the king of these things, this record or recorgnition has been made of a certain part of the customs, and liberties, and dignities of his ancestors, namely of king Henry his grandfather, and of others which are to be observed and held, as they should be, in the kingdom. And on account of the dissensions and discord, which has emerged between the clergy and the justices of our lord the king, and the barons of the realm about the customs and dignities of the kingdom, or any remembrance of these things, this record or recognitom has been made in the presence of the archbishops and bishops, and the clergy, and earls, and barons and nobles of the kingdom. And the same customs have been recognised by the archbishops and bishops, and the earls and barons, and by the other lesser tenants-in-chief, by the knights of the shire, and burgesses. Thomas (in holy memory) archbishop of Canterbury, Roger archbishop of York, Gilbert bishop of London, and Henry bishop of Winchester, and Nigel bishop of Ely, and William bishop of Norwich, and Robert bishop of Lincoln, and Hilary bishop of Chichester, and Jocelyn bishop of Salisbury, and Richard bishop of Chester, and Bartholomew bishop of Exeter, and Robert bishop of Hereford, and David bishop of St David's, and Roger bishop-elect of Worcester  conceded, and in their true word, verbally and firmly promised to uphold and observe for their lord king and his heirs, in good faith and without evil intent in the presence of the following: Robert earl of Leicester, Reginald earl of Cornwall, Conan count of Britanny, John earl of Eu, Robert earl of Clare, Godfrey de Mandaville, Hugh earl of Chester, William earl of Arundel, earl Patrick, William earl of Ferrers, Richard de Luci, Reginald de St. Valery, Roger Bigot, Reginald de Warenne, Richer de Aquila, William de Braose, Richard de Camville, Nigel de Mowbray, Simon de Beauchamp, Humphrey de Bohun, Matthew de Hereford, Walter de Mayenne, Manser Biset the steward, William Malet, William de Courcy, Robert de Dunstaville, Jocelin de Baillol, William de Lanvallei, William de Caisnet, Godfrey de Vere, William of Hastings, Hugh de Moreville, Alan de Neville, Simon Fitz Peter, William Maudit the chamberlain, John Maudit, John Marshall, Peter de Mara, and many other leading nobles and those of high rank in the kingdom both clergy and laity.

Truly of the custom and the acknowledged dignity has been compiled in the present document. Divided into clauses, these are:

Clause 1 On Advowson, etc. 
For these sixteen clauses refer to "Herbert of Bosham, vol. II."

Of the aforesaid royal customs and dignities there was also a remembrance of these by the aforesaid archbishops and bishops, and earls and barons and lords of the kingdom of ancient times, and at Clarendon on the fourth day before the purification of St. Mary the Virgin,  witnessed by the everlasting Lord Henry, the son of the king with his father in the same place and in the presence of the lord king.


Sources and References

Patres ecclesiae anglicanae : Aldhelmus, Beda, Bonifacius, Arcuionus, Lanfrancus, Anselmus, Thomas Cantuariensis. J.-H. Parker. 1845. pp. 256–.

 Thomas (Becket); Herbertus (de Boseham); Jacques Paul Migne (1854). S. Thomae Cantuariensis archiepiscopi et martyris nec non Herberti de Boseham clerici ejus a secretis opera omnia. Migne. pp. 399.


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