Monday, 12 August 2013

Kiss of Peace (Osculum Pacis)

Psalm 85:10

Mercy and truth are met together; righteousness and peace have kissed each other.



Rex archiepiscopo dare signum pacis in osculo penitus abnegavit et abjuravit.
The king completely refused and abjured from giving  the archbishop the sign of peace by means of a kiss. 


The Kiss of Peace was a very public demonstration and declaration of reconciliation. It had to be done in front of everyone present as witnesses to the event. It sealed the compromise and agreement that had been reached. It was a very necessary act. Without it peace cannot be said to have been made or agreed to. 

References


Thurston, H. (1910). Kiss. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 
Walter F. Hook (1862). Lives of the Archbishops of Canterbury. Bentley. pp. 474–. 

William North (2010). The Haskins Society Journal 21: 2009. Studies in Medieval History. Boydell & Brewer. pp. 152–. ISBN 978-1-84383-560-8.

http://ducange.enc.sorbonne.fr/OSCULUM1



George Lyttelton Baron Lyttelton (1769). The History of the Life of King Henry the Second: And of the Age in which He Lived. J. Dodsley. pp. 286–.


James Craigie Robertson (15 November 2012). Materials for the History of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury (Canonized by Pope Alexander III, AD 1173). Cambridge University Press. pp. 359–. ISBN 978-1-108-04928-3

James Craigie Robertson (15 November 2012). Materials for the History of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury (Canonized by Pope Alexander III, AD 1173). Volume 3. Cambridge University Press. pp. 154–. ISBN 978-1-108-04927-6.

James Craigie Robertson (15 November 2012). Materials for the History of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury (Canonized by Pope Alexander III, AD 1173). Cambridge University Press. pp. 367–. ISBN 978-1-108-04928-3.

James Craigie Robertson (15 November 2012). Materials for the History of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury (Canonized by Pope Alexander III, AD 1173). Cambridge University Press. pp. 374–. ISBN 978-1-108-04928-3

James J. Spigelman (2004). Becket & Henry: The Becket Lectures. James Spigelman. pp. 209–. ISBN 978-0-646-43477-3. > Links to kiss

Michael Staunton (7 December 2001). The Lives of Thomas Becket. Manchester University Press. ISBN 978-0-7190-5455-6.   > Links to "kiss"

Michael Staunton (2001). The Lives of Thomas Becket. Manchester University Press. pp. 179–. ISBN 978-0-7190-5455-6.


Vollrath, Hannah: The kiss of peace. Peace Treaties and International Law in Europe  pp. 162-193.

David Hilliam (2005). Thomas Becket: English Saint and Martyr. The Rosen Publishing Group. pp. 75–. ISBN 978-1-4042-0165-1


http://goo.gl/Shsk7H


No comments:

Post a Comment