Thursday, 1 August 2013

The Oath of Salisbury August 1086

On Lammas Day 1086 [August 1st] , William the Conqueror, king of England, summoned 170 of his tenants-in-chief and other landowning men of any account to Old Sarum, where they all swore allegiance in person to him and to be faithful against all other men.

Statuimus, ut omnes liberi homines faedere et sacramento affirment, quad intra et extra universum regnum Angliae Wilhelmo regi domino suo fideles esse volunt; tenas et honores illius omni fidelitate ubique servare cum eo, et contra inimicos et alienigenas defendere.

Known as the Salisbury Gemot in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle,  this was the act which first established feudalism in England.



References


The Salisbury Oath. by Cronne, H. History (The Journal of the Historical Association) Volume 19, 1934-1935 pp. 248-252.


Birney, H. (1943. The Salisbury Oath: Its Feudal Implications. Chicago: Loyola University Chicago: Loyola eCommons. http://ecommons.luc.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1052&context=luc_theses.

Oath of Salisbury - Wikipedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oath_of_Salisbury

William Blackstone; George Sharswood (1870). Commentaries on the Laws of England: In Four Books. Oath of Salisbury: J.B. Lippincott & Company. pp. 431–.

Henry John Stephen (1841). New Commentaries on the Laws of England: (Partly Founded on Blackstone). H. Butterworth. pp. 170–.

Ancient Laws and Institutes of England. G.E. Eyre and A. Spottiswoode. 1840. pp. 211–.

Archibald Brown A New Law Dictionary and Institute of the Whole Law: For the Use of Students, the Legal Profession, and the Public. The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. pp. 227–. ISBN 978-1-58477-610-9.

Sir Matthew Hale (1820). The History of the Common Law of England: And An Analysis of the Civil Part of the Law. Henry Butterworth. pp. 133–.

Samuel E. Thorne (1 July 1984). Essays in English Legal History. Continuum. pp. 54–. ISBN 978-0-8264-4305-2.

F.M. Stenton. William the Conqueror and the Rule of the Normans pp. 364-6
https://archive.org/stream/williamtheconque005201mbp#page/n421/mode/2up

The Salisbury Oath
J. R. Maddicott
Responses to the Threat of Invasion, 1085
English Historical Review (2007) CXXII (498): 986-997 doi:10.1093/ehr/cem255
http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/CXXII/498/986.full.pdf+html



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