Monday, 23 December 2013

Clause X of the Assizes of King Roger II (1130-54) Founder of the Norman Kingdom of Sicily, (ca 1140s)

Compare the following with Clause 16 of the Constitutions of Clarendon

The Assizes of King Roger
Text of Cod. Vat. Lat. 8782.
 [Translation by G. A. Loud 2004]


X About Serfs Wishing to Become Clerics

No bishop should presume to ordain serfs [adscriptitii] without the desire and assent of the persons to whose right and power they are subject, nor [somebody] from another diocese [parrochia] with letters of commendation either from a bishops or from their own chapter, following the institutes of the canons.

If those with whom they are enrolled [as serfs] should be convicted of having received any reward for having given permission for their ordination, they will lose the right of adscription and the one who has given the money shall be degraded from his orders and sold with all his property on behalf of the fisc.

It so happens that on sacred occasions wickedness obstructs sacred desires and disturbs the service of God and the ministry of the church. But no evil should be allowed to hinder our laws at any time. If, for example, there shall have been priests assigned to a church in the country or in a village, and after their deaths others must be substituted, and the lords of the country place or village refuse to allow the bishop to make a substitution from among the serfs, especially when the bishop is looking for a suitable person from among these serfs; it appears worthy and most just to our clemency that on the just petition of the church the lord of the serfs should be corrected by the law. But the sons of a deceased priest should be returned to the condition of serfs, without any appeal.

Other References

Katherine Jansen; Joanna Drell; Frances Andrews (2010). Medieval Italy: Texts in Translation. University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 177–. ISBN 0-8122-2058-7.

by Ken Pennington
Rivista Internazionale di diritto comune 21 (2010) 35-54

Graham A. Loud; Alex Metcalfe (1 January 2002). The Society of Norman Italy. BRILL. pp. 12–. ISBN 90-04-12541-8.

Hiroshi Takayama (1 January 1993). The Administration of the Norman Kingdom of Sicily. BRILL. pp. 76–. ISBN 90-04-09865-8.

Published 1884 by Fratelli Bocca

6. -- Ne Servi Vel Ascriptii Clericentur

1. Ascriptios sine voluntate eorum, quorum iuro suditi sunt, nullus episcoporum ordinare presumat.

2. Judeus, paganus servum christianum nex comparare audeat, nex ex aliquo titulo possidere.

Ortensio Zecchino (1984). Le Assise di Ariano. Di Mauro.

X. De ascripticiis volentibus clericari

  Ascripticios sine voluntate et assensu eorum quorum iuri subditi
sunt, et potestati, nullus episcoporum ordinare presumat, neque de aliensa
parrochia, per litteras commendatorias secundum canonum instituta, vel
ab episcopo, vel a proprio capitulo.

  Hii quorum ascripticii sunt, si quod premium pro data licentia consecrandi
suscepisse convicti fuerint, huiusce ascriptii perdant qui dedit pecuniam
ab ordine cadat, fisco vero cum omnibus rebus suis vendicetur.

Solent sancto voto atque proposito sanctis occasionibus pravitas se ingerere,
et dei servitium atque ecclesie ministerium perturbare. Ne ergo
sinistrum aliquod aliquando possit nostris institutionibus obviare, si forte
in rure vel in vico ecclesia assignatos habuerit sacerdotes quibus decedentibus
sint alii (subrograndi et) domini ruris vel vici super ascripticiis, episcopo
fieri subgorationem negaverint, presertim cum ex ipsis ascripticiis persona
ydonea ab episcopo expectatur, dignum nostre clementie videtur,
atque iustissium ad iustam petitionem ecclesie ascripticiorum dominum
iure cogendum; filii vero decedentis presbiteri ad asripticiorum condicionem
reddatur omni occasione remota.

Isidoro La Lumia (1870). Studi di storia siciliana di Isidoro La Lumia. Tip. di Francesco Lao. pp. 333–.

Stephen Morillo (2007). The Haskins Society Journal. Boydell Press. pp. 141–. ISBN 978-1-84383-336-9.

R. H. Helmholz (2010). The Spirit of Classical Canon LawChapter 3: Qualifications of the Clergy - Ordination of the Unfree. University of Georgia Press. pp. 61–. ISBN 978-0-8203-3463-9.

The Spirit of Classical Canon Law by R. H. Helmholz
Review by John Witte, Jr.
Journal of Law and Religion
Vol. 16, No. 2 (2001), pp. 367-371

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