Thursday, 20 February 2014

The Second Papal Commission,1168-9

May 25th 1168, Benevento
Pope Alexander commissions two teams of monks to form two separate missions to effect a reconciliation between Becket and king Henry.

Each of these teams of monks were to bear three letters from the Pope for king Henry: one a letter of with their instructions and authorisation for the team, the second letter an admonitory [commonitory] one from the Pope to king Henry, the third a threatening [comminatory] one also from the Pope for king Henry; each was designed to be given in turn to Henry, in order to force the king to enter into discussion, and perhaps for him to come to some kind of acceptable agreement with Becket and the English Church.  The monks could use whichever letter they saw was necessary to achieve their purpose. These letters were dated 22nd May 1168.

1st Commission
Basileus, prior of La Grande Chartreuse
Anthelme de Chignin, the Carthusian bishop of Bailey

Anthelme was to have gone on the commission, but his health did not permit him to undertake the long journeys involved. It seems that team 1's work never got off the ground, and was disbanded. The Pope set up the second commission soon afterwards.

2nd Commission
Simon, Prior of Mont-Dieu [Chartreuse Notre-Dame du Mont-Dieu]
Bernard de Corilo [de la Coudre],  Prior of Grandmont [Grandmontine priory. The Bonshommes] They had been  founded by Louis VII, in 1164
and
Englebert, Prior of Val-St-Pierre [Chartreuse du Val Saint-Pierre]

Pope's Letter appointing the Priors of Montdieu, and le Val de St. Pierre to be his legates:
Chrisitian Lupus (1682). Epistolae et vita divi Thomae Cantuariensis. Volume 2. Liber IV Epistola 1: Henricus Friex. pp. 627–.
MTB 424  Volume 6 pp 438-40. Benvenuto May 25th 1168
James Craigie Robertson (2012). Materials for the History of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury Volume 6 Cambridge University Press. pp. 438–. ISBN 978-1-108-04930-6.

Letter Ad vestre discretionis dated 25th May orders Simon and Bernard to visit king Henry within two months if he was in his Continental lands, and to present first, the admonitory [commonitorias] letter, and then the comminatorias letter, unless the first commission had already delivered theirs.

The admonitory letter [ad regie sublimatitis MTB 404]
The threatening letter [Quam paterne MTB 423]


References

Court, household, and itinerary of King Henry II
R. W. Eyton (1878)

Saint Thomas (à Becket) (2000). The Correspondence of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, 1162-1170: Letters 1-175. Oxford University Press. pp. 50–. ISBN 978-0-19-820892-1.

Saint Thomas (à Becket) (2000). The Correspondence of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, 1162-1170: Letters 1-175. Oxford University Press. pp. 50–. ISBN 978-0-19-820892-1.

Michael Staunton (7 December 2001). The Lives of Thomas Becket. Manchester University Press. pp. 154–. ISBN 978-0-7190-5455-6.




Jean-Irénée Depéry (1829). Vie de Saint Anthelme, septième général des Chartreux et 46e évêque de Belley.... Impr. Bottier. pp. 68–.

Frank Barlow (1990). Thomas Becket. University of California Press. pp. 167–. ISBN 978-0-520-07175-9.

James Craigie Robertson (1859). Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury. pp. 211–8.

John Foxe; George Townsend; Josiah Pratt (1870). The Acts and Monuments of John Foxe, with a Life and Defence of the Martyrologist. G. Seeley. pp. 852–.


Webster, D.R. (1908). The Carthusian Order.  In The Catholic Encyclopedia.

Webster, D.R. (1909). Abbey and Order of Grandmont. In The Catholic Encyclopedia.

Hunter-Blair, O. (1907). Boni Homines.  In The Catholic Encyclopedia.



John Allen Giles (1846). The Life and Letters of Thomas À Becket: Now First Gathered from the Contemporary Historians. Giles Letter 79: Whittaker and Company. pp. 161–.
John Allen Giles (1846). The Life and Letters of Thomas À Becket: Now First Gathered from the Contemporary Historians. Giles Letter 80: Whittaker and Company. pp. 164–.
John Allen Giles (1846). The Life and Letters of Thomas À Becket: Now First Gathered from the Contemporary Historians. Giles Letter 77: Whittaker and Company. pp. 139–.

Roger (of Wendover); Matthew Paris; John Allen Giles (1841). "Letter Quam Paterne Pope Alexander III to King Henry II"Roger of Wendover's Flowers of History: Comprising the History of England from the Descent of the Saxons to A.D. 1235; Formerly Ascribed to Matthew Paris. H. G. Bohn. pp. 329–.

Roger of Hoveden. "Letter Quam paterne"Chronica Magistri Rogeri de Houedene:. Cambridge University Press. pp. 255–. ISBN 978-1-108-04881-1.

A Regiae Sublimitatis Epistola 404 MTB
Christian de Wulf (1728). Opera omnia studio F. Thom. Phil. Ravennatensis. Albritius. pp. 296–.


James Craigie Robertson. "MTB Letter 424 Ad vestrae discretionis"Materials for the History of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury. Cambridge University Press. pp. 463–. ISBN 978-1-108-04930-6.

"excellentie tue nuntios" MTB 395
Saint Thomas (à Becket) (2000). The Correspondence of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, 1162-1170: Letters 1-175. Oxford University Press. pp. 764–. ISBN 978-0-19-820892-1.

Epistola 423 [MTB] Quam paterne p.437

Epistola 424 [MTB] Ad vestrae discretionis p. 438
Saint Thomas (à Becket); John Allen Giles (1846). Epistolae Sancti Thomae Cantuariensis. Apud Whittaker et socios. pp. 113–.


MTB 414 Ad discretionis tuae  p. 421

MTB 460 Quanto personam p. 503

MTB 464 Juxta mandatum 516
James Craigie Robertson. Materials for the History of Thomas Becket,  Cambridge University Press. pp. 516–. ISBN 978-1-108-04930-6.
Saint Thomas (à Becket); John Allen Giles (1846). Epistolae Sancti Thomae Cantuariensis. Apud Whittaker et socios. pp. 177–.

MTB 465 Desiderio desideravimus 518

Michel-Jean-Joseph Brial (1813). Recueil des historiens des Gaules et de la France: Rerum gallicarum et francicarum scriptores. Imprimerie impériale puis royale. pp. 329–43.

Le thème de Thomas Becket dans Becket ou l'honneur de Dieu de J. Anouilh, et Meurtre dans la cathédrale, de T. S. Eliot

Guy, John (5 April 2012). Thomas Becket: Warrior, Priest, Rebel, Victim: A 900-Year-Old Story Retold. Penguin Books Limited. pp. 340–. ISBN 978-0-14-193328-3.


Barrau, J. Jean de Salisbury, intermédiaire entre Thomas Becket et la cour capétienne1?
10.1484/M.HIFA-EB.3.624

Roger of Hoveden (1868). Chronica magistri Rogeri de Houedene. Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer. pp. 255–.

Walter Farquhar Hook (1862). Lives of the archbishops of Canterbury. R. Bentley. pp. 463–.

Die Rolle Alexanders III. im Becket-Konflikt

Christianus Lupus (O.E.S.A); Thomas Becket; Alexander paus III (paus); Louis VII (koning van Frankrijk), Henry (koning van Engeland) (1682). Epistolae et vita Divi Thomae Martyris et Archiepiscopi Cantuariensis, nec non epistolae Alexandri III. Pontificis, Galliae Regis Ludovici Septimi, Angliae Regis Henrici II. aliarumque plurium sublimium ex utroque foro personarum .... typis Eug. Henrici Fricx. pp. 627–.

Richard Hurrell Froude; James Bowling Mozley (1839). Remains of the Late Reverend Richard Hurrell Froude: v. 2. History or the contest between Thomas à Becket, archbishop of Canterbury, and Henry II, king of England, chiefly consisting of translations of contemporary letters. J. G. & F. Rivington. pp. 338–.



Richard Hurrell Froude; James Bowling Mozley (1839). "Chapter XIV: The Suspension of the Archbishop"Remains of the Late Reverend Richard Hurrell Froude: v. 2. History or the contest between Thomas à Becket, archbishop of Canterbury, and Henry II, king of England, chiefly consisting of translations of contemporary letters. J. G. & F. Rivington. pp. 333–.

Richard Hurrell Froude; James Bowling Mozley (1839). "Chapter XV: Conferences at Montmirail"Remains of the Late Reverend Richard Hurrell Froude: v. 2. History or the contest between Thomas à Becket, archbishop of Canterbury, and Henry II, king of England, chiefly consisting of translations of contemporary letters. J. G. & F. Rivington. pp. 365–.

Baron George Lyttelton Lyttelton (1769). The history of the life of King Henry the Second Printed for J. Dodsley. pp. 223–57.

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