Thursday, 4 September 2014

Map of Auvergne


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Guillaume VII le Jeune, Comte d'Auvergne, the rightful heir, succeeded his father Robert III later in 1145. He went on crusade with King Louis VII <<le Jeune>> returning in 1149. In 1155 Guillaume VIII, named The Old <<Le Vieux>>, his uncle, and brother of his father Robert III, dispossessed him of the greater part of his estates. The nephew sought the help of Henry II, King of England, whom he regarded as his liege lord, as Duke of Aquitaine. The uncle was supported by Louis VII <<le Jeune>>, to whom he did homage for his conquests. The two Princes drew up a partition treaty: the heirs of the uncle retained the titles of Comtes d'Auvergne; the nephew's line took the title of the Dauphins d'Auvergne, though never used by Guillaume,who retaining the Velay, called himself Comte du Puy.

Guillaume VII le Jeune, was sometime known as Arverniæ comes. His share of the partitioned lands left him with Rochefort-Montagne, Pontgibaud, Herment, Saint-Germain-Lembron, Champeix, de Vodable.

Guillaume VIII, after he had exercised extreme violence against the Church of Saint Julien de Brioude, Louis VII sent an army against him, capturing him and his son Robert, after a complaint had been made to him by the dean of the Saint-Julien Brioude. In Mid 1163 King Louis VII led an incursion into Auvergne and captured both Guillaume VIII and his nephew Guillaume VII. The Duke of Aquitaine, who was also the King of England Henry II , and the immediate overlord of both the Counts of Auvergne, complained to the King of France of the arrest of his vassals and said they should be released, which happened in 1164 after they both vowed not to bother the Church again.

Étienne Baluze (1708). Histoire généalogique de la maison d'Auvergne justifiée par chartes, titres, histoires anciennes et autres preuves authentiques, par Monsieur Baluze. chez Antoine Dezallier. pp. 17–.

Étienne Baluze (1708). Histoire généalogique de la maison d' Auvergne: justifiée par chartres, titres, histoires anciennes et autres preuves authentiques. Guillaume VII Comte d'Auvergne: Antoine Dezallier. pp. 61–.

Étienne Baluze (1708). Histoire généalogique de la maison d' Auvergne: justifiée par chartres, titres, histoires anciennes et autres preuves authentiques. Guillaume VIII Comte d'Auvergne: Antoine Dezallier. pp. 66–.

Velay was then a separate Comté from the Auvergne. In 1162,  Guillaume VIII <<Le Vieux>>, who was Comte de Velay en Puy, and his nephew Guilaume VIII, Comte d'Auvergne, and the Viscomte de Polignac engaged in banditry against the possessions of the bishops of Puy and Clermont. The three princes then sided with Henry Plantagenet, King of England, who was jousting with Louis VII for possession of  the Aquitaine. Their actions served as a pretext to the King of France for armed intervention. At the request of the clergy of Auvergne and Velay, he declared war against them, and defeated them in 1163 making them prisoners. What was then the fate of the Comté of Velay? It seems that the king then confiscated the Comté de Velay from Guillaume <<Le Vieux>> to join it to the lands of the bishops of Le Puy.

Henry Plantagenet intervened, in fact, later in favor of these three earls who had been captured by Louis VII; he called them "comités de Alvernia" and claimed he was their defender, and considered Auvergne and Velay as fiefs mouvants (transferrable fiefs) of his duchy of Aquitaine.

Bernard de Montfaucon (1730). Les monumens de la monarchie françoise qui comprennent l'histoire de France. chez Julien-Michel Gandouin. pp. 59–.

King Louis always attentive to suppress injustice and violence, several lords of this neighborhood, learned that the Comte de Clermont, his nephew, the Comte of Puy, and Viscomte de Polignac had ravaged the lands  neighboring their territories, pillaging the churches, robbing the travellers, oppressing the poor. The Bishops of Puy and Clermont took their complaints to the Prince [King Louis], who went in first with an army. He undid their troops, took their castles, and captured these Lords, and held them as long term prisoners releasing them only after making them promise not to exercise violence.

Michael Wolfe (15 August 2009). Walled Towns and the Shaping of France: From the Medieval to the Early Modern Era. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 23. ISBN 978-0-230-60812-2.
April 1167
Henry II went on the offensive against Louis VII in 1167 when he marched an army into Auvergne where he claimed several lordships.

George Lyttelton (1st baron.) (1773). The history of the life of king Henry the second. Volume 6 pp. 89–.

AD. 1177 Louis VII of France Henry II of England met to discuss Auvergne
About the feast of St. Martin, Louis and Henry met again, to conclude another controversy concerning the feudal dependance of Auvergne, which, with that of Chateauroux and some smaller fiefs in Berry, had, by virtue of a clause in the late convention between them, been left to the decision of three bishops and three barons named therein by each king, who were to enquire by themselves, and by the oaths of the principal men of those countries, into the rights of each claimant. All the nobles of Auvergne were summoned to this meeting; and Henry asked, them, what right his predecessors, dukes of Aquitaine, had in Auvergne. They unanimously answered, that the whole province, except the bishoprick of Clermont, which belonged to the patronage of the king of France, had been subject, from old times, to the government of those princes. But Louis not being satisfied with this affirmation, the twelve arbitrators were directed to make a further enquiry, and both monarchs agreed to acquiesce in their verdict, which they swore to give without favour. This deserves observation, as it shews that inquisitions upon the oaths of twelve men were used in France at this time.

W. L. Warren (1977). Henry II. University of California Press. pp. 101–. ISBN 978-0-520-03494-5.

W. L. Warren (1977). Henry II. University of California Press. pp. 105–. ISBN 978-0-520-03494-5.

W. L. Warren (1977). Henry II. University of California Press. pp. 145–. ISBN 978-0-520-03494-5.

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