Monday, 16 September 2013

St. Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury


Wikipedia St Augustine's Abbey

Alston, G.C. (1912). Abbey of Saint Augustine.
In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.

English Heritage St Augustine's Abbey

Wikimapia St Augustine's Abbey
A History of the County of Kent: Volume 2 (pp. 126-133)
(Editor), Willam.
Houses of Benedictine monks - The abbey of St Augustine, Canterbury

Wikipedia Theobald of Bec

Theobald also had a dispute with St Augustine's Abbey over the right of the archbishop to receive annual payments, and whether those payments were for sacraments performed by the archbishop, which would have been uncanonical, or were for other reasons. The dispute was eventually settled by a compromise in which St Augustine's continued to make the payments but they were specifically stated not to be for sacraments

Another dispute with St Augustine's concerned the right of the archbishops to have a say in the election of new abbots and whether or not the abbots would make a profession of obedience to the archbishops. This was eventually settled by a papal mandate of 1144 instructing the abbots to profess obedience.

The conflict re-surfaced in 1149, when some of the monks of St Augustine's, led by their prior and sacrist, refused to obey the interdict placed on England by Theobald and Pope Eugene III. Theobald had the two officials excommunicated and publicly flogged. When the previous abbot of St Augustine's died in 1151, the prior, Silvester, paid the king for the right to administer the abbey and to hold a free election for a new abbot. The monks then proceeded to elect Silvester as the new abbot, but Theobald refused to confirm the election, accusing Silvester of buying the office. Eventually, however, Pope Eugene III ordered Theobald to allow Silvester to take up the office, which Theobald did in August 1152. Theobald and St Augustine's also came into conflict over the abbey's claims of exemption from the archbishops' oversight, because it owed obedience directly to the pope. Papal documents held at Rome backed the abbey, but there were no English royal charters that gave the abbey its liberty from the archbishops. Theobald attempted to end the confusion by legal actions both at Rome and in England, but the record was mixed. The documents at Rome clearly favoured the abbey, but at a royal council held at Northampton in 1157, Henry II ruled in favour of Theobald. As part of the settlement Silvester, as abbot, was required to make a formal profession of obedience to Theobald, something he had been attempting to avoid since his election. The struggle with Silvester was just one event in the long history of the dispute between Canterbury and St Augustine's.

Richard Gem (1997). St. Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury. B.T. Batsford/English Heritage. ISBN 978-0-7134-8144-0

Brenda Bolton; Anne Duggan (2003). "Adrian IV and John of Salisbury"Adrian IV, the English Pope, 1154-1159: Studies and Texts. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. pp. 11–. ISBN 978-0-7546-0708-3.

T.C.R. Crafter (2006). "Henry II, The St. Augustine's Dispute and the Loss of the Abbey's Mint Franchise"Coinage And History in the North Sea World, C. AD 500-1250: Essays in Honour of Marion Archibald. BRILL. pp. 601–. ISBN 978-90-04-14777-5.

Richard W. Southern (28 August 1992). St. Anselm: A Portrait in a Landscape. Cambridge University Press. pp. 359–. ISBN 978-0-521-43818-6

Saint Thomas (√† Becket) (2000). The Correspondence of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, 1162-1170: Letters 176-329. Oxford University Press. pp. 1366–. ISBN 978-0-19-820893-8.

Margaret T. Gibson (1978). Lanfranc of Bec. Clarendon Press. pp. 231–7. ISBN 978-0-19-822462-4. Clarembald

Jonathan Foyle - Drawings
St Augustine's Abbey Canterbury

Anglo-Saxon Archaeology: Canterbury
Plan of the ruins of St. Augustine's Abbey.

English Heritage
Aerial view reconstruction drawing, St Augustine's Abbey J920596

Gregory the Great as ‘Apostle of the English’ in Post-Conquest Canterbury. 
The Journal of Ecclesiastical History, , pp 19-57. 

Sally N. Vaughn (1987). "Footnote 50"Anselm of Bec and Robert of Meulan: The Innocence of the Dove and the Wisdom of the Serpent. University of California Press. pp. 160–. ISBN 978-0-520-05674-9.


Sally N. Vaughn (1987). Anselm of Bec and Robert of Meulan: The Innocence of the Dove and the Wisdom of the Serpent. University of California Press. pp. 323–9. ISBN 978-0-520-05674-9.

No comments:

Post a Comment